WordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. It has many features including a plug-in architecture and a template system. WordPress is currently the most popular blogging system in use on the Internet. WordPress has a web template system using a template processor. WordPress users may install and switch between themes. Themes allow users to change the look and functionality of a WordPress website or installation without altering the information content or structure. Themes may be installed using the WordPress “Appearance” administration tool or theme folders may be uploaded via FTP. The PHP and HTML code in themes can also be edited for more advanced customizations. One very popular feature of WordPress is its rich plugin architecture which allows users and developers to extend its abilities beyond the features that are part of the base install; WordPress has a database of over 18,000 plugins with purposes ranging from SEO to adding widgets. Widgets are small modules that offer users drag- and-drop sidebar content placement and implementation of many plugings’ extended abilities. Widgets allow WordPress developers to add functionality to their sites. These small modules can be used to add functionality such as a slideshow, Face book-like box, small news slider, and more. Prior to WordPress 3.0, WordPress supported one blog per installation, although multiple concurrent copies may be run from different directories if configured to use separate database tables. WordPress Multi-User (WordPress MU, or just WPMU) was a fork of WordPress created to allow multiple blogs to exist within one installation that is able to be administered by a centralized maintainer. WordPress MU makes it possible for those with a website to host their own blogging community, as well as control and moderate all the blogs from a single dashboard. WordPress MU adds eight new data tables for each blog.
Some of the features of WordPress
WordPress features integrated link management, it is search-engine–friendly, provides clean permalink structure. It also has the ability to assign nested, multiple categories to articles; and support for tagging of posts and articles. Automatic filters are also included, providing standardized formatting and styling of text in articles. WordPress also supports the Trackback and Pingback standards for displaying links to other sites that have themselves linked to a post or article. The feature set of WordPress is on par or better than any other software of its kind. With WordPress the latest blogging technology is accessible to all categories of users. The following is a list of some of the features that come standard with WordPress, however there are literally hundreds of plugins that extend what WordPress does, so the actual functionality is nearly limitless.
• Full standards compliance
WordPress generated code is in full compliance with the standards of the W3C. This is important not only for interoperability with today’s browser but also for forward compatibility with the tools of the next generation.
• No rebuilding
Changes made to the templates or entries are reflected immediately on the site, with no need for regenerating static pages.
• WordPress pages
Pages allow managing, non-blog content easily, so for example it could have a static “About” page that can be managed through WordPress. For an idea of how powerful this is, the entire WordPress.org site could be run off WordPress alone.
• WordPress links
WordPress link allows creating, maintaining and updating any number of blogrolls through the administration interface. This is much faster than calling an external blogroll manager.
Visitors to a WordPress site can leave comments on individual entries and through Trackback or Pingback can comment on their own site. Comments on a per-post basis can be enabled or disabled.
• Spam protection
Out of the box WordPress comes with robust tools such as an integrated blacklist and open proxy checker to manage and eliminate comment spam on your blog, and there is also a rich array of plugins that can take this functionality
a step further.
• Full user registration
WordPress has a built-in user registration system that (if chosen) can allow people to register and maintain profiles and leave authenticated comments on blogs. There can be optional close comments for non-registered users. There are
also plugins that hide posts from lower level users.
• Password protected posts
Passwords to individual posts can be provided to hide them from the public. Another feature is private posts can be viewable only by their author.
• XML-RPC interface
WordPress currently supports an extended version of the Blogger API, MetaWeblog API, and finally the MovableType API. Clients designed for other platforms like Zempt can also be used.
• Typographical niceties
WordPress uses the Texturize engine to intelligently convert plain ASCII into typographically correct XHTML entities. This includes quotes, apostrophes, ellipses, em and en dashes, multiplication symbols, and ampersands.
• Multiple authors
WordPress’ highly advanced user system allows up to 10 levels of users, with different levels having different privileges with regard to publishing, editing, options, and other users.
Cross-browser bookmarklets make it easy to publish to a blog or add links to a blogroll with a minimum of effort.
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